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Periodontitis is a common dental disease that often leads to loss of teeth and the development of other diseases in the human body.

 Types and stages of periodontitis

    How to identify periodontal disease (periodontitis)?

Experts conduct a series of manipulations to determine the presence of periodontitis. 

  • preliminary oral examination;
  • probing of the gingival sulcus;
  • tooth mobility evaluation;
  • dental X-ray diagnostics;
  • biomicroscopy of the gums. 

In cases where the diagnosis of periodontitis is confirmed, further examination is carried out by a therapist and an endocrinologist, to identify the cause of cellular malnutrition of the gums. 

Treatment of Periodontitis.

Periodontitis treatment is carried out in 4 stages:

  • diagnosis (filling of the periodontal chart, X-ray examination);
  • deep removal of dental tartar and treatment (with the help of specialised tools/equipment);
  • surgery (if required)
  • follow-up visits to the attending specialist. 

If the patient wishes to restore the lost beauty of their teeth, doctors can offer a wide range of services from the fields of aesthetic, orthodontic and restorative dentistry. Modern dentistry provides excellent opportunities for the return of functionality and aesthetics to teeth that have suffered from end stage periodontitis. 

In this article, we’d like to touch on the subject of periodontitis and its types. 

Periodontitis is a dental disease caused by the complications of caries and as a result of which, inflammation localized in the teeth, spreads to the gum tissue located between the tooth and the bone socket.

 Types and stages of periodontitis

What causes periodontitis?

Periodontitis can be described as a disease that occurs due to inflammation of the gums. Any claims of “periodontal disease” being the initial stage of gum disease are utterly wrong and not to be believed. As mentioned above, this is nothing but gross misinformation. 

Inadequate oral hygiene is one of the leading causes of periodontitis. 

Prolonged lack of oral hygiene leads to bacterial plaque formation on the gums, in addition to the surface of the teeth. The plaque also spreads to the roots of the teeth, hidden beneath the gums. This plaque is the main cause of inflammatory diseases in the gum tissue. 

There is also a strong genetic predisposing factor in periodontitis. When there is a history of parents having suffered from periodontitis, there is a high probability that their children will be prone to the disease. Therefore, we highly recommend finding out if your parents and grandparents had any such complaints. If you find out that they did, there is no need to panic. It simply means that you need to pay more attention to your dental health. 

How to recognize the symptoms of periodontitis?

Depending on the stage of periodontitis development, one of more of the following symptoms can be observed. (Note: There are some characteristic signs that are inherent to all stages of the disease)

  • halitosis (bad breath);
  • plaque and tartar formation;
  • redness and bleeding gums;
  • receding gums and exposed roots;
  • pain during meals (solid food);
  • tooth mobility (loose teeth);
  • headache, weakness

Types and Stages of Periodontitis:

Periodontitis develops in stages: The earlier the disease is detected, the easier it is to curtain its progress. 

The first stage of periodontitis is gingivitis. This disease is characterized by inflammation in the gums, in which there is no loss of the dental bone, but there is swelling and bleeding of the gums. At this stage, it is crucial to have your teeth professionally cleaned, and do so urgently, to remove accumulated plaque. 

If due attention isn’t paid to the development of this disease, it will lead to the onset of bone loss, as well as severe bacterial infection. 

In stage 2 periodontitis, an even greater accumulation of bacterial plaque is noted and an irreversible loss in bone density is noted. 

In stage 3 periodontitis, there is an even greater loss of bone density. The roots become bare and the teeth become mobile and often, tooth loss begins. 

If the disease is allowed to progress to stage 4, complete loss of teeth is observed. 

Important! It is important to note that gum infections arising from periodontitis are not isolated. They can enter the system and lead to several systemic diseases. It has been proven that these bacteria can increase the severity of diabetes and lead to the development of Alzheimer’s disease.

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White & White Detal Studio
ул. Алчевских (Артема), 2, г. Харьков Украина
(050) 574 26 68 (097) 770 63 28 wnwdental@gmail.com