Dental restoration refers to the restoration of teeth to their anatomically correct shape, color, luster and position, within the dentition.
We live in an era of aesthetic dental restoration and we have several popular methods of restoration at our disposal, in the modern age.Using composite materials (direct restoration), crowns or veneers (indirect restoration). In the following sections, we explain the particulars of each method, in detail.
Direct Tooth Restoration Method - This is a method optimised for minor defects and the removal of front teeth. Direct restoration is performed in a single sitting and requires just 1 visit. (With an exception for cases where multiple teeth need to be restored).
Direct restoration involves the use of photopolymers, through which it is possible to restore the color and shape of teeth and also align the surface or adjust their position within the dentition. It is also possible to eliminate unwanted interdental spaces using this method.
Advantages of Direct Restoration in dentistry
Photopolymers are one of the most popular composites used in direct restoration. But, among modern composite materials, helion composites are also worth a mention - they have excellent light transmission properties, which allows dental practitioners to recreate enamels of restored teeth with the highest possible degree of likeness to natural teeth.
Nano-composites with a chameleon effect, also deserve a special mention - they best mimic the optical properties of natural dental tissue. Thanks to this, nano-composites have become popular in cases where removal of chipped enamel surfaces is required and with treatment of interdental gaps.
The main stages of direct restoration are:
It is, however, necessary to note that direct restoration has its drawbacks.
Over time, the restored teeth may acquire a matte shade, which many patients complain about. This is possibly the biggest drawback. However, this only happens in cases where dental hygiene and restoration maintenance (e.g. polishing of the restorations) are of a poor standard, in the period following the procedure.
Indirect Restoration - refers to dental restoration methods that use prosthetics.
Today, we have several methods of indirect dental restoration at our disposal: Veneers, crowns, implants, dental tabs etc. Tabs are used in cases where it is impossible to install a regular filling, and the tooth needs to be salvaged. Dental tabs are made from metal alloys, composite materials and ceramics.
Main types of Indirect Tooth Restoration:
Crown installation is, by no means, a modern breakthrough in the field of dental restoration. Nevertheless, the method has seen a lot of advancement and is a lot more improved, in modern times.
Experts recommend installing crowns in situations where the tooth has sustained severe damage and using fillings or onlays is unfeasible. The crown is supported by a drilled tooth or a pin.
Choice of Crowns:
Implants - dentures that are implanted into the bone tissue. Today, implantation is considered to be one of the most complex, but reliable, procedures in the field of aesthetic dentistry.
Dental implants have been in use for more than a decade. Although implantation procedures were too expensive for the majority of patients, in the past, they have become much more affordable in recent times. At the same time, the quality and efficiency of the materials used, have only improved. Almost all implants are made from medically inert, titanium. Titanium has the necessary tensile strength and biological compatibility, and does not trigger an allergic response.
Titanium is practically the only material that successfully takes hold in 95% of cases. Any worries about this procedure being painful are entirely unfounded and we’d like to dispel any such myths - the whole procedure takes place under anesthesia and the patient feels very minimal discomfort. You might be surprised to find out that the decision of which type of implant to use is not something the patient has to concern themselves with. All the patient has to do is to find a good clinic with an experienced implant surgeon. The surgeon decides on a suitable implant, based on the particular requirements of the case.
Veneers are extremely thin plates made of ceramic material. They are manufactured to be extremely strong. The average thickness of veneers is 0.1 to 0.3mm. It is important to understand that during veneer installation, teeth can still undergo “turning”, albeit minimally. And if you are categorically against your teeth “grinding”, you can use non-preparation veneers.
When installing veneers, optical images are used and it is no longer necessary to use an impression compound. IF the patient wishes to know the end result in advance, you can order a dental wax-up in the laboratory and get a try-in. Veneers got glued on a special composite cement.
After veneer installation, teeth look as attractive and natural as possible. However, this type of restoration is very pricey.
In this article, you have been informed about the most popular dental restoration methods. We can’t recommend any one method over others, because each individual case has unique demands. Come to our clinic, and we’d be happy to help you fix your dental problems and create a beautiful smile.